Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Social Practice.You should write at least120words following the outline below in Chinese.
a) 社会实践的作用
b) 可能产生的问题
c) 提出建议
Social Practice
Social practice has been more and more popular in universities and colleges. St tudents are asked to enter society and get some idea of it. Surely social practice has many advantages. Firstly, social practice can offer students a chance to contact society and meet different kinds of people. In this way students can gain some valuable social experience, which will be useful to their future career. Secondly, students can apply what they have learned in class to practical work, thus knowing themselves more clearly. Thirdly, social practice can bring them some financial reward and make them more independent of their family.
However, some problems may arise if no correct guidance is made. For example, some students get overly interested in social practice and want to work full-time and earn money, thus neglecting their studies. And some students are likely to get in touch with the dark side of society, which will affect their future studies.
In order to carry out social practice smoothly, students should first know its objective. They should put their studies in the first place and see social practice just as a useful supplement, so they ought to try to strike a balance between social practice and their studies.
点评:本篇文章属于解释性说明文。就业市场的竞争要求大学生具有丰富的社会实践,才能适应就业市场的竞争,所以现在在校大学生参与社会实践活动频繁,但如何处理好学业和社会实践的关系成为人们关注的话题。本预测题与大学生生活密切相关,也是四级作文关注的重要话题
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Social Practice.You should write at least120words following the outline below in Chinese.
a) 社会实践的作用
b) 可能产生的问题
c) 提出建议
Social Practice
Social practice has been more and more popular in universities and colleges. Students are asked to enter society and get some idea of it. Surely social practice has many advantages. Firstly, social practice can offer students a chance to contact society and meet different kinds of people. In this way students can gain some valuable social experience, which will be useful to their future career. Secondly, students can apply what they have learned in class to practical work, thus knowing themselves more clearly. Thirdly, social practice can bring them some financial reward and make them more independent of their family.
However, some problems may arise if no correct guidance is made. For example, some students get overly interested in social practice and want to work full-time and earn money, thus neglecting their studies. And some students are likely to get in touch with the dark side of society, which will affect their future studies.
In order to carry out social practice smoothly, students should first know its objective. They should put their studies in the first place and see social practice just as a useful supplement, so they ought to try to strike a balance between social practice and their studies.
点评:本篇文章属于解释性说明文。就业市场的竞争要求大学生具有丰富的社会实践,才能适应就业市场的竞争,所以现在在校大学生参与社会实践活动频繁,但如何处理好学业和社会实践的关系成为人们关注的话题。本预测题与大学生生活密切相关,也是四级作文关注的重要话题。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How People Spend Their Holidays. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the table and the outline given below:

  1、 根据上表,简要描述1990年、1995年、2000年某城市人们度假方式的情况及其变化;

  2、 请说明发生这些变化的原因;

  3、 得出结论。
How People Spend Their Holidays
As is clearly shown in the table that there was a dramatic change in the way people spent their holidays between 1990 and 20
  00. Especially, in 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home, while the figure decreased considerably to 24% in 20
  00. there are three reasons for this phenomenon.
To begin with, with the development of market-oriented economy, people earn by far more money than they used to, making it possible for them to afford traveling expenses. In addition, people realize the importance of getting well-informed about the outside world in this modern era to develop their potential. For example, a traveller may encounter or talk with someone of a different cultural background so as to broaden his vision. Last but not least, by traveling outside, people are close to nature, which is not only beneficial to both their health and peace of mind. In short, more and more people take the occasion of holiday to travel outside and relax themselves.
As far as I am concerned, I prefer to go traveling instead of staying at home during holidays. On the one hand, I love meeting different people and take in some fresh ideas. On the other hand, it is agreed that the world is becoming a global village. No one could confine himself within his small circle of families or relatives. In brief, I have benefited a lot and will benefit more from traveling during the holidays.
点评:该篇作文属图表作文,命题思路与四级真题图表作文一致,仿真度高。本预测题关于人们旅游度假方式的变化,也是社会热点话题,2006年1月就考过名校校园该不该成为旅游景点话题;2004年6月也是关于旅游景点的介绍。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Pet Raising . You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 有些人喜欢养动物作为宠物。

  2. 有些人反对圈养动物作为宠物。

  3. 你的观点。
Pet Raising
Nowadays, with the improvement of the people’s living standard, some people form a habit of raising small or domestic animals as pets. Some raise small dogs or cats as their pets while others raise various birds or fishes as their pets.
However, some people object to the idea of raising animals as pets. To them, animals have their own right to live a natural life like human beings. On the other hand, the way people raise animals as pets have a negative influence on the surroundings ,for example, dogs’ chasing people on the street and so on. What’s more, some animals will transmit some diseases.
In my opinion, I do not like the idea to raise animals at pets. We should not deprive them of their natural right. In this way, we will live in a peaceful world in harmony with the other living creatures.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of
Credit Cards. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 越来越多的人使用信用卡, 信用卡有哪些好处

  2. 信用卡的弊端

  3. 你自己的观点
Credit Cards
Personal credit cards are becoming more common in China. Banks and other financial institutions are encouraging their customers to change the way they buy things. Credit cards, otherwise known as “plastic money”, are being offered on very good terms to encourage the change. Consumers will be able to “buy now, pay later”, and many see this as an advantage.
But people need to be careful. There are dangers associated with credit cards. Some people find it very easy to exceed their budget. They are tempted to purchase goods that they do not really need, and can become quickly overburdened by debt. The credit cards often charge a high rate of interest, which exacerbates the problems for these people.
However, used wisely credit cards can improve the quality of people’s lives. They can give people access to money to meet sudden unplanned expenses. Properly handled, they can let people control their expenditure and the monthly statements provide a record of where their money has gone.
点评:这是一篇议论文, 关于信用卡的利弊。可以分成三部分: 第一部分,信用卡的好处,比如说应急等;第二部分,信用卡的一些弊端,比如说鼓励一些无用的消费;第三部分:你自己的观点,理性使用。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Environmental Protection. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

  1. 全球变暖对地球环境造成了很大影响

  2. 引起全球变暖的原因

  3. 我们需要采取的措施
Environmental Protection
No one,regardless of race, religion or nationality, can deny that the world we live in is becoming increasingly intolerable because of the effects of global warming. According to many experts, even greater impacts are still on the way.
There are numerous causes for this problem. On one hand, human-related emissions of carbon into the atmosphere is causing, and will in the future cause, significant global warming according to the theory. On the other hand, the lack of knowledge about the importance of protecting environment hinders the solving of the problem.
It is urgent that immediate and effective actions should be taken right away. First, more trees need to be planted to help improve and beautify the environment. Besides, stricter laws concerning global warming and irresponsible use of fuel resources have to be put into effect and achieved good results. In a word, there is a long way to go before we can take a comfortable world for granted again .
点评:环境问题也是四级作文命题重点话题之一。大学英语(Q吧)四级考试曾经考过Make our Cities Greener.近年来,全球气候异常,造成许多自然灾害的频繁,保护环境刻不容缓,已成为全社会乃至全人类共同关注的热点。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of traffic jam. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.
1.在现代社会,城市交通问题变得越来越严重
2.城市交通问题的表现以及对人们生活的影响
3.解决的方法与措施
Traffic Jam
There is no doubt that traffic congestion becomes a growing worry for the residents of most urban areas. Some major roads are regularly choked with traffic in rush hours. The limited transport capacity contributes largely to the vexing problem. How to solve the headache?.
The existing solutions to traffic jam mainly aim at creating metro bus systems and broadening major roads. Widening the existing roads can solve traffic snarls on some level. Soaring car ownership compounds the chronic annoying problem, so we must sharply reduce the heavy reliance on cars and drive a shift to the mass transportation. It is a cheap and good way. We can create a system of customized bus routes and highlight the development of subways, trolleys and light rail. The effective combination of these solutions will enable the urban areas to possess a smooth traffic.
点评:交通话题一直是四级作文命题话题之一。1990年6月考查过How to solve the problem of Heavy Traffic,1994年1月考题 The World Is Getting Smaller and Smaller也与交通有关,近年来,随着私家车的日益增多,城市交通拥堵凸显,出行难越来越成为人们关注的焦点。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic College Students’ Job Hunting. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

  1. 近几年出现了大学生就业难的现象

  2. 产生这种现象的原因(如大学生追求的目标过高,专业不对口等)

  3. 如何解决这一问题(改变就业观念,大学生再培训等)
College Students’ Job Hunting
In recent years, college students find it increasingly difficult to get a job. It sounds strange since young college students are usually intelligent, well-educated phenomenon, aspirant and eager to bring their talent into full play. Then what underlies the strange phenomenon?
There are several reasons for this. To begin with, nowadays college students aim too high. All they want are “good” jobs which could offer good salary, comfortable working conditions, high social status among others. Consequently, most college students are unwilling to accept vacant jobs they consider not “good” enough. Another reason is that there is a big gap between the majors some students study in school and the demands of vacant jobs. So companies think some students are not fit for the jobs.
Solution to the problem requires efforts on both the society and the students. The companies should value the students, talent and knowledge while the latter should not merely aim at material gains. They should be down-to?earth in building up their career. Furthermore, they should face their weak points so as to improve themselves and be more competent.
点评:本预测题为社会热点
 

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