Being Excellent Is What Never Dies Mike Mike
主讲: Mike
有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来!
主讲: Mike
有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来!
(一) 知识概要
英语中代词可以分为人称代词、物主代词、 反身代词、指示代词、疑问代词、不定代 词。 人称代词主要有主格和宾格之别 : 人称 我 你 他 她 它 我们 你们 他们 主格 i you he she it we you they 宾格 me you him her it us you them
物主代词
物主代词分形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词两 种: 人称 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他 们的 形容词性 my your his her its ours your they 名词性 mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs
反身代词
人称 我 你 他 她 它 反身代词 myself yourself himself herself itself 我们 你们 他们 ourselves yourself themselves
其它代词
指示代词 this, that, these, those 疑问代词有:who, 疑问代词有:who, whom whose, what, which 不定代词在初中课本中主要有some, any, 不定代词在初中课本中主要有some, any, many, much, each, neither, other, another, all, both, one, none, either… either…
(二) 正误辨析
[误]Tom's [误]Tom's mother is taller than my. [正]Tom's [正]Tom's mother is taller than mine. [析]形容词性物主代词可以作定语,也 就是讲它可以作形容词,如:my book,而 就是讲它可以作形容词,如:my book,而 这句话的意思是:汤姆的妈妈比我的妈妈 高。比较的对象是my mother,也就是mine。 高。比较的对象是my mother,也就是mine。
[误]We [误]We have a lot of homework to do today. So we need two or three hours to finish them. [正]We [正]We have a lot of homework to do today. So we need two or three hours to finish it. [析]在应用代词时,要注意人称,格与 数的一致性。这里it所代替的是不可数名词 数的一致性。这里it所代替的是不可数名词 homework, 所以应用it。 homework, 所以应用it。
[误]He [误]He and you should go to the library to return the books. [正]You [正]You and he should go to the library to return the books. [析]这主要是英语习惯上的用法。当两个以上的人称代 词并列时其排列顺序一般为you, 词并列时其排列顺序一般为you, he, she, I,而复数时为we, I,而复数时为we, you, they:如男女并列时,应先男后女,如:He you, they:如男女并列时,应先男后女,如:He and she …如果在表示不好意思,承担责任时,单数时用,I, 如果在表示不好意思,承担责任时,单数时用,I, he, she, you, 复数时用They, you, we, 如:Tom and I are 复数时用They, you, 如:Tom good friends. You, he and I must go to play the game for our team this afternoon. We, you and they have been there before. I, he and you have to pay for it.
[误]He [误]He or his brother is doing their homework. [正]He [正]He or his brother is doing his homework. [析]由either… neither… [析]由either…or, neither…nor, or 连接两个主语 时,如果两主语是单数时,用单数代词,如两主 语是复数时,用复数代词,如:Either 语是复数时,用复数代词,如:Either teachers or students want to do their best to help the old man.如 man.如 是一单一复两名词时,一般将单数名词放在前, 复数名词放在后,要用复数代词,如:The 复数名词放在后,要用复数代词,如:The teacher or his students will clean their classroom together.
[误]His [误]His brother is taller than him. [正]His [正]His brother is taller than he. [析]than是连词,其后应视为省略句, [析]than是连词,其后应视为省略句, than he is.所以要注意区分其主格与宾格的 is.所以要注意区分其主格与宾格的 用法。
[误]He [误]He or his brother is doing their homework. [正]He [正]He or his brother is doing his homework. [析]由either… neither… [析]由either…or, neither…nor, or 连接两个主语 时,如果两主语是单数时,用单数代词,如两主 语是复数时,用复数代词,如:Either 语是复数时,用复数代词,如:Either teachers or students want to do their best to help the old man.如 man.如 是一单一复两名词时,一般将单数名词放在前, 复数名词放在后,要用复数代词,如:The 复数名词放在后,要用复数代词,如:The teacher or his students will clean their classroom together.
I like you as much as she. [正]I [正]I like you as much as her. [析]as… [析]as…as 其后也应看作是省略句。应为 as I like her.所以应用宾格。而第一句应译为 her.所以应用宾格。而第一句应译为 我像她那样喜欢你。两句语法都是对的但 含义不同。
[误]Myself [误]Myself did it yesterday. [正]I [正]I myself did it yesterday. [正]I [正]I did it myself yesterday. [析]反身代词不可作主语,但可以用作 主语的同位语。? 主语的同位语。?
[误]Take [误]Take care of ourselves. [正]Take [正]Take care of yourselves .(yourself) [析]祈始句的主语应看作第二人称you. [析]祈始句的主语应看作第二人称you.
[误]Please [误]Please bring your daughter with yourself. [正]Please [正]Please bring your daughter with you. [析]反身代词不能作介词宾语,除非是 由不及物动词与介词组成的动词短语,如: The old woman spoke to herself.
[误]Make [误]Make yourself home. [正]Make [正]Make yourself at home. [析]这是英语中的习惯用法,意为“ [析]这是英语中的习惯用法,意为“像 在家里一样”。这样的用法还有:? 在家里一样”。这样的用法还有:? enjoy oneself 玩得开心make yourself at home 玩得开心make 像在家中一样 help yourself to something 自己拿某物lost 自己拿某物lost oneself 迷路 seat oneself 就坐dress oneself 穿衣 就坐dress
[误]? [误]? Who's this speaking.? That's speaking.? Mary. [正]? [正]? Who's that speaking.? This is speaking.? Mary. [析]在电话用语中,this指讲话人自己, [析]在电话用语中,this指讲话人自己, 而that指对方。 that指对方。
[误]The [误]The days in summer are longer than this in winter. [正]The [正]The days in summer are longer than those in winter. [析]在比较句中往往为了避免重复,可 以用that或those取代前面提到的事物,如是 以用that或those取代前面提到的事物,如是 单数时用that,复数时用those,如:The 单数时用that,复数时用those,如:The weather in Beijing is hotter than that in Chang Chun.
[误]It [误]It is so a good book that everyone likes to read. [正]It [正]It is such a good book that everyone likes to read. [正]It [正]It is so good a book that everyone likes to read. [析]在可数名词单数时可用so+形容词+不定冠词+ [析]在可数名词单数时可用so+形容词+不定冠词+名词 +that从句,也可用such+不定冠词+形容词+that从句。在不 +that从句,也可用such+不定冠词+形容词+that从句。在不 可数名词或可数名词复数时,只用such, 如:It 可数名词或可数名词复数时,只用such, 如:It is such good weather that I want to go swimming. They are such good books that I want to buy them all.在many, much, few, little这4 all.在 little这 个词前仅能用so,如: 个词前仅能用so,如: She has so much money that she can buy everything she wants.而在so与that之间仅存形容词时, wants.而在so与that之间仅存形容词时, 则不能用such,如 则不能用such,如:She is so sweet that everyone likes her.
[误]I [误]I want to buy a same dictionary as yours. [正]I [正]I want to buy the same dictionary as yours. [析]same与定冠词the是固定搭配不可更 [析]same与定冠词the是固定搭配不可更 改。这样的用法还有all 改。这样的用法还有all the same(仍然)。 same(仍然)
[误]? [误]? I hope she might pass the exam.? exam.? I don't hope so. [正]? [正]? I hope she might pass the exam.? exam.? I hope not. [析]在作肯定回答时,I [析]在作肯定回答时,I think so. I hope so. I believe so.但作否定回答时为:I don't think so.但作否定回答时为:I so. I hope/believe not.
[误]? [误]? He studied very hard this term.? So she did. term.? [正]? [正]? He studied very hard this term.? So did she. term.? [误]? [误]? English is difficult to learn.? So is it. learn.? [正]? [正]? English is difficult to learn.? So it is. learn.? [析]在对话中如果某一动作同时适用于两个主语,这时 在答语中要用缩写且要用倒装句。如第一组句,即studied 在答语中要用缩写且要用倒装句。如第一组句,即studied hard既适用于he,也适用于she.但答语仅仅是对前句的重复, hard既适用于he,也适用于she.但答语仅仅是对前句的重复, 即仅仅是第一句的缩写时则不要用倒装句。如第二组句子 为:英语难学。答语为:是的,难学。这时缩写的答语不 要用倒装句。
[误]Everyone [误]Everyone should do one's best. [正]Everyone [正]Everyone should do his best. [析]one作代词时,它的复数形式是ones, [析]one作代词时,它的复数形式是ones, 所有格形式是one's,反身代词为oneself.如 所有格形式是one's,反身代词为oneself.如 果讲One 果讲One should do one's best.则是对句。如 best.则是对句。如 果one与别的词组成其他词,如: someone, one与别的词组成其他词,如: anyone, everyone或only one 则要用his/her, everyone或 则要用his/her, 来作其所有格形式。
[误]? [误]? Who won the game?? None. game?? [正]? [正]? Who won the game?? No one. game?? [析]由who提问的句子的否定回答中的简 [析]由who提问的句子的否定回答中的简 略说法是no one,而由How many提问的句子 略说法是no one,而由How many提问的句子 的否定回答中的简略语是None.如:How 的否定回答中的简略语是None.如:How many books are there? None.
[误]There [误]There are many trees on either sides of the street. [正]There [正]There are many trees on either side of the street. [正]There [正]There are many trees on both sides of the street. [析]either作代词时由两个含意,其一是两者中 [析]either作代词时由两个含意,其一是两者中 随便哪一个,如:You 随便哪一个,如:You can take either.其二是两者 either.其二是两者 中的每一个。但要注意的是either后要加单数名词, 中的每一个。但要注意的是either后要加单数名词, 如果作主语则谓语动词也要用单数形式。
[误]Either [误]Either you or I are right. [正]Either [正]Either you or I am right. [析]在either…or,或neither…nor连接两个 [析]在either…or,或neither…nor连接两个 主语时,其谓语动词要与和其相近的那个 主语相配。
[误]I [误]I have three sisters. Neither of them is a doctor. [正]I [正]I have three sisters. None of them is a doctor. [析]neither用于两者中无一是,而none则 [析]neither用于两者中无一是,而none则 用于多于两者中的人或事物无一是。
[误]He [误]He doesn't like Beijing opera. I don't like too. [正]He [正]He doesn't like Beijing opera, I don't like either. [析]either作为“ [析]either作为“也”讲时,要用于否定 句中,而too则用于肯定句中。 句中,而too则用于肯定句中。
[误]We [误]We like both this little boy. [正]We [正]We both like this little boy. [析]both作同位语时,它在句中的位置有:在 [析]both作同位语时,它在句中的位置有:在 be动词之后,如:We are both students.在实意动词 be动词之后,如:We students.在实意动词 之前,如:The 之前,如:The parents both want to go to the cinema.用于第一助动词之后,如:We cinema.用于第一助动词之后,如:We have both read these English novels.使用时要注意以下句子的 novels.使用时要注意以下句子的 实际含意:Both 实际含意:Both of us are not right.应译为:我们俩 right.应译为:我们俩 不都对。Neither 不都对。Neither of us is right.才应译为:我俩都不 right.才应译为:我俩都不 对。又如:I 对。又如:I can't give you both of the books.意为: books.意为: 两本书我不能全给你,
 

相关内容

最最经典的【中高考英语 代词冲刺课件】大全,经典,合集。感动,精品

   Being Excellent Is What Never Dies Mike Mike 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来! 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来! 2011代词 代词 考点清单: 考点清单: 清单 1、人称代词的主格和宾格; 的主格和宾格; 、人称代词的 ...

最最经典的【中高考英语 代词冲刺课件】大全,经典,合集。感动,精品 (5)

   Being Excellent Is What Never Dies Mike Mike 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我的QQ: 290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来! 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我的QQ: 290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来! 初三系列复习资料(5)代词考点集汇,讲解和训练 什么叫代词: 代词是代替名词、形容词和数词的词。按其意 ...

最最经典的【中高考英语 代词冲刺课件】大全,经典,合集。感动,精品 (2)

   Being Excellent Is What Never Dies Mike Mike 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来! 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来! Pronouns 代词 一.概念: 概念: 代词是代替名词的词, 按其意义、 代词是代替名词的词, 按其意 ...

最最经典的【中高考英语 代词冲刺课件】大全,经典,合集。感动,精品 (7)

   Being Excellent Is What Never Dies Mike Mike 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来! 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来! 1 Tom is in the row. A. a second B. the second C. two ...

目前网上最经典的 新概念英语第二册Lesson 3 课件,大全,经典,合集

   新概念英语第二册 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我 的QQ: 290143015 我们可以一起交流 英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件, 交流好的英语口语! 期待你的到来! New words 1. send v. 2. postcard n. 3. spoil v. 4. museum n. 5. public adj. 6. friendly adj. 7. waiter n. 8. lend v. 9. decision n. 10. whole adj. 11. single ad ...

九年级 最经典的新目标英语课件,合集,大全,单元测试,经典教案学案 (65)

   允许, sth”允许某 allow v.“允许,许可” ,allow sb to do sth 允许某 允许 许可” 人做某事“ 其被动语态为: 人做某事“,其被动语态为:sb be allowed to do sth. 此处should allowed是个含有情态动词的被动语态 是个含有情态动词的被动语态. 此处should be allowed是个含有情态动词的被动语态. Section A 1a-1c Do you have any rules at home? Do you have ...

目前网上最经典的_新概念英语第二册Lesson_41_课件,大全,经典,合集,原创

   新概念英语第二册 主讲: Mike 有兴趣的可以加我 的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流 英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件, 交流好的英语口语! 期待你的到来! KFC makes a good impression on me. The courses in KFC Which can be found on a western dinner table? Which can be found on a western dinner table? Mary People who ...

绝对文库中最经典的【中高考英语 情态动词】课件大全合集111

   Grammar Modal Verbs Summary Modal Verbs Examples Model Verbs can / could He can/could fly a plane. Ability be able to must/ have to We must protect water. Necessity /have got to/need He had to get special training. People can walk this way. can/cou ...

高考英语经典句型

   高 考 英 语 经 典 句 型 1。…when… 引导并列分句, 当时突然” 强调另一个动作的突然发生。 。 引导并列分句, 当时突然” 强调另一个动作的突然发生。 “ , I was walking along the river when I heard a drowning boy cry for help. 我正沿河边走,突然听到了一个溺水儿童的求救声。 I was about to leave when it began to rain. 我正准备离开,这时候天突然下起了雨。 I ...

高考英语经典口语句子

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 228 个经典英语口语句子 1. It's up to you.(由你决定.) . (由你决定.) 2. I envy [羡慕 羡慕]you.(我羡慕你.) . 羡慕 (我羡慕你.) 3. How can I get in touch with you? . 4. Where can I wash my hands? (请问洗手间在哪里?) 请问洗手间在哪里?) . 5. What's ...

热门内容

完美的室友(英语读物)

   The Perfect Roommates 完美的室友 By Jason Pettus 胡德丽 译 难度:三个辣椒 应验了中国的一句老话:“金窝银窝,不如自家的狗窝!”没错,文中的住所就像火车车祸 现场一样,你也不能指望室友能帮什么忙,可就这样,让作者有家的感觉。文章幽默有趣, 字里行间值得慢慢品味。 I am the worst roommate in the entire world. I’m serious. They had a contest. I was entered into ...

27种常用外贸英语函电书信

   QINGDAO GREAT CHEMICAL INC. 27 种常用外贸英语函电书信 1.请求建立商业关系 Rogers Chemical Supply Co. 10E.22Street Omaha8,Neb We have obtained your name and address from Aristo Shoes, Milan , and we are writing to enquire whether you would be willing to establish busin ...

2011年高中毕业年级第三次质量预测 英语 参考答案

   2011 年高中毕业年级第三次质量预测 英语 参考答案 选择题( 选择题(1?75) ) : 1.C 2.A 3.C 4.B 5.C 6.C 7.B 8.A 9.C 10.A 11.C 12.B 13.C 14.B 15.B 16.A 17.A 18.C 19.B 20.A 21.B 22.C 23.A 24.D 25.D 26.A 27.C 28.B 29.A 30.C 31.B 32.D 33.A 34.C 35.D 36.D 37.B 38.C 39.A 40.C 41.A 42.B ...

英语专业 毕业论文

   Analysis of the Humor Language in Garfield: A Tail of Two Kitties the CP-Violation and Humor Effects Acknowledgements I shall first present my thanks to all the teachers in the Foreign Language School of University of Science and Technology, Liaoni ...

顺口溜趣味无穷记忆英语单词

   一种趣味无穷的英语单词记忆方法??顺口溜 一种趣味无穷的英语单词记忆方法??顺口溜 ?? 贵州纳雍雍安育才高级中学:张槐忠 英语有大量的单词需要记忆,据说国内很多大学毕业生甚至研究生和博士 生词汇量严重不足(本人也有同感),连简单的英文日报阅读起来都非常吃力, 说明传统的教学方法有很大需要改进的余地。尤其在是知识信息和爆炸的时代, 效率和时效性已经成为一个衡量学习效果的重要杠杆。 如果我们改变传统的记忆 方式,学习效果可能会更好。比如把这些单词编成顺口溜,请看下列一组单词: 猫和老鼠有一个 ...