Being Excellent Is What Never Dies Mike Mike
主讲: Mike
有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来!
主讲: Mike
有兴趣的可以加我的QQ:290143015 我们可以一起交流英语,互相学习, 交流好的英语课件,交流好的英语口 语!期待你的到来!
(一) 知识概要
英语中代词可以分为人称代词、物主代词、 反身代词、指示代词、疑问代词、不定代 词。 人称代词主要有主格和宾格之别 : 人称 我 你 他 她 它 我们 你们 他们 主格 i you he she it we you they 宾格 me you him her it us you them
物主代词
物主代词分形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词两 种: 人称 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他 们的 形容词性 my your his her its ours your they 名词性 mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs
反身代词
人称 我 你 他 她 它 反身代词 myself yourself himself herself itself 我们 你们 他们 ourselves yourself themselves
其它代词
指示代词 this, that, these, those 疑问代词有:who, 疑问代词有:who, whom whose, what, which 不定代词在初中课本中主要有some, any, 不定代词在初中课本中主要有some, any, many, much, each, neither, other, another, all, both, one, none, either… either…
(二) 正误辨析
[误]Tom's [误]Tom's mother is taller than my. [正]Tom's [正]Tom's mother is taller than mine. [析]形容词性物主代词可以作定语,也 就是讲它可以作形容词,如:my book,而 就是讲它可以作形容词,如:my book,而 这句话的意思是:汤姆的妈妈比我的妈妈 高。比较的对象是my mother,也就是mine。 高。比较的对象是my mother,也就是mine。
[误]We [误]We have a lot of homework to do today. So we need two or three hours to finish them. [正]We [正]We have a lot of homework to do today. So we need two or three hours to finish it. [析]在应用代词时,要注意人称,格与 数的一致性。这里it所代替的是不可数名词 数的一致性。这里it所代替的是不可数名词 homework, 所以应用it。 homework, 所以应用it。
[误]He [误]He and you should go to the library to return the books. [正]You [正]You and he should go to the library to return the books. [析]这主要是英语习惯上的用法。当两个以上的人称代 词并列时其排列顺序一般为you, 词并列时其排列顺序一般为you, he, she, I,而复数时为we, I,而复数时为we, you, they:如男女并列时,应先男后女,如:He you, they:如男女并列时,应先男后女,如:He and she …如果在表示不好意思,承担责任时,单数时用,I, 如果在表示不好意思,承担责任时,单数时用,I, he, she, you, 复数时用They, you, we, 如:Tom and I are 复数时用They, you, 如:Tom good friends. You, he and I must go to play the game for our team this afternoon. We, you and they have been there before. I, he and you have to pay for it.
[误]He [误]He or his brother is doing their homework. [正]He [正]He or his brother is doing his homework. [析]由either… neither… [析]由either…or, neither…nor, or 连接两个主语 时,如果两主语是单数时,用单数代词,如两主 语是复数时,用复数代词,如:Either 语是复数时,用复数代词,如:Either teachers or students want to do their best to help the old man.如 man.如 是一单一复两名词时,一般将单数名词放在前, 复数名词放在后,要用复数代词,如:The 复数名词放在后,要用复数代词,如:The teacher or his students will clean their classroom together.
[误]His [误]His brother is taller than him. [正]His [正]His brother is taller than he. [析]than是连词,其后应视为省略句, [析]than是连词,其后应视为省略句, than he is.所以要注意区分其主格与宾格的 is.所以要注意区分其主格与宾格的 用法。
[误]He [误]He or his brother is doing their homework. [正]He [正]He or his brother is doing his homework. [析]由either… neither… [析]由either…or, neither…nor, or 连接两个主语 时,如果两主语是单数时,用单数代词,如两主 语是复数时,用复数代词,如:Either 语是复数时,用复数代词,如:Either teachers or students want to do their best to help the old man.如 man.如 是一单一复两名词时,一般将单数名词放在前, 复数名词放在后,要用复数代词,如:The 复数名词放在后,要用复数代词,如:The teacher or his students will clean their classroom together.
I like you as much as she. [正]I [正]I like you as much as her. [析]as… [析]as…as 其后也应看作是省略句。应为 as I like her.所以应用宾格。而第一句应译为 her.所以应用宾格。而第一句应译为 我像她那样喜欢你。两句语法都是对的但 含义不同。
[误]Myself [误]Myself did it yesterday. [正]I [正]I myself did it yesterday. [正]I [正]I did it myself yesterday. [析]反身代词不可作主语,但可以用作 主语的同位语。? 主语的同位语。?
[误]Take [误]Take care of ourselves. [正]Take [正]Take care of yourselves .(yourself) [析]祈始句的主语应看作第二人称you. [析]祈始句的主语应看作第二人称you.
[误]Please [误]Please bring your daughter with yourself. [正]Please [正]Please bring your daughter with you. [析]反身代词不能作介词宾语,除非是 由不及物动词与介词组成的动词短语,如: The old woman spoke to herself.
[误]Make [误]Make yourself home. [正]Make [正]Make yourself at home. [析]这是英语中的习惯用法,意为“ [析]这是英语中的习惯用法,意为“像 在家里一样”。这样的用法还有:? 在家里一样”。这样的用法还有:? enjoy oneself 玩得开心make yourself at home 玩得开心make 像在家中一样 help yourself to something 自己拿某物lost 自己拿某物lost oneself 迷路 seat oneself 就坐dress oneself 穿衣 就坐dress
[误]? [误]? Who's this speaking.? That's speaking.? Mary. [正]? [正]? Who's that speaking.? This is speaking.? Mary. [析]在电话用语中,this指讲话人自己, [析]在电话用语中,this指讲话人自己, 而that指对方。 that指对方。
[误]The [误]The days in summer are longer than this in winter. [正]The [正]The days in summer are longer than those in winter. [析]在比较句中往往为了避免重复,可 以用that或those取代前面提到的事物,如是 以用that或those取代前面提到的事物,如是 单数时用that,复数时用those,如:The 单数时用that,复数时用those,如:The weather in Beijing is hotter than that in Chang Chun.
[误]It [误]It is so a good book that everyone likes to read. [正]It [正]It is such a good book that everyone likes to read. [正]It [正]It is so good a book that everyone likes to read. [析]在可数名词单数时可用so+形容词+不定冠词+ [析]在可数名词单数时可用so+形容词+不定冠词+名词 +that从句,也可用such+不定冠词+形容词+that从句。在不 +that从句,也可用such+不定冠词+形容词+that从句。在不 可数名词或可数名词复数时,只用such, 如:It 可数名词或可数名词复数时,只用such, 如:It is such good weather that I want to go swimming. They are such good books that I want to buy them all.在many, much, few, little这4 all.在 little这 个词前仅能用so,如: 个词前仅能用so,如: She has so much money that she can buy everything she wants.而在so与that之间仅存形容词时, wants.而在so与that之间仅存形容词时, 则不能用such,如 则不能用such,如:She is so sweet that everyone likes her.
[误]I [误]I want to buy a same dictionary as yours. [正]I [正]I want to buy the same dictionary as yours. [析]same与定冠词the是固定搭配不可更 [析]same与定冠词the是固定搭配不可更 改。这样的用法还有all 改。这样的用法还有all the same(仍然)。 same(仍然)
[误]? [误]? I hope she might pass the exam.? exam.? I don't hope so. [正]? [正]? I hope she might pass the exam.? exam.? I hope not. [析]在作肯定回答时,I [析]在作肯定回答时,I think so. I hope so. I believe so.但作否定回答时为:I don't think so.但作否定回答时为:I so. I hope/believe not.
[误]? [误]? He studied very hard this term.? So she did. term.? [正]? [正]? He studied very hard this term.? So did she. term.? [误]? [误]? English is difficult to learn.? So is it. learn.? [正]? [正]? English is difficult to learn.? So it is. learn.? [析]在对话中如果某一动作同时适用于两个主语,这时 在答语中要用缩写且要用倒装句。如第一组句,即studied 在答语中要用缩写且要用倒装句。如第一组句,即studied hard既适用于he,也适用于she.但答语仅仅是对前句的重复, hard既适用于he,也适用于she.但答语仅仅是对前句的重复, 即仅仅是第一句的缩写时则不要用倒装句。如第二组句子 为:英语难学。答语为:是的,难学。这时缩写的答语不 要用倒装句。
[误]Everyone [误]Everyone should do one's best. [正]Everyone [正]Everyone should do his best. [析]one作代词时,它的复数形式是ones, [析]one作代词时,它的复数形式是ones, 所有格形式是one's,反身代词为oneself.如 所有格形式是one's,反身代词为oneself.如 果讲One 果讲One should do one's best.则是对句。如 best.则是对句。如 果one与别的词组成其他词,如: someone, one与别的词组成其他词,如: anyone, everyone或only one 则要用his/her, everyone或 则要用his/her, 来作其所有格形式。
[误]? [误]? Who won the game?? None. game?? [正]? [正]? Who won the game?? No one. game?? [析]由who提问的句子的否定回答中的简 [析]由who提问的句子的否定回答中的简 略说法是no one,而由How many提问的句子 略说法是no one,而由How many提问的句子 的否定回答中的简略语是None.如:How 的否定回答中的简略语是None.如:How many books are there? None.
[误]There [误]There are many trees on either sides of the street. [正]There [正]There are many trees on either side of the street. [正]There [正]There are many trees on both sides of the street. [析]either作代词时由两个含意,其一是两者中 [析]either作代词时由两个含意,其一是两者中 随便哪一个,如:You 随便哪一个,如:You can take either.其二是两者 either.其二是两者 中的每一个。但要注意的是either后要加单数名词, 中的每一个。但要注意的是either后要加单数名词, 如果作主语则谓语动词也要用单数形式。
[误]Either [误]Either you or I are right. [正]Either [正]Either you or I am right. [析]在either…or,或neither…nor连接两个 [析]在either…or,或neither…nor连接两个 主语时,其谓语动词要与和其相近的那个 主语相配。
[误]I [误]I have three sisters. Neither of them is a doctor. [正]I [正]I have three sisters. None of them is a doctor. [析]neither用于两者中无一是,而none则 [析]neither用于两者中无一是,而none则 用于多于两者中的人或事物无一是。
[误]He [误]He doesn't like Beijing opera. I don't like too. [正]He [正]He doesn't like Beijing opera, I don't like either. [析]either作为“ [析]either作为“也”讲时,要用于否定 句中,而too则用于肯定句中。 句中,而too则用于肯定句中。
[误]We [误]We like both this little boy. [正]We [正]We both like this little boy. [析]both作同位语时,它在句中的位置有:在 [析]both作同位语时,它在句中的位置有:在 be动词之后,如:We are both students.在实意动词 be动词之后,如:We students.在实意动词 之前,如:The 之前,如:The parents both want to go to the cinema.用于第一助动词之后,如:We cinema.用于第一助动词之后,如:We have both read these English novels.使用时要注意以下句子的 novels.使用时要注意以下句子的 实际含意:Both 实际含意:Both of us are not right.应译为:我们俩 right.应译为:我们俩 不都对。Neither 不都对。Neither of us is right.才应译为:我俩都不 right.才应译为:我俩都不 对。又如:I 对。又如:I can't give you both of the books.意为: books.意为: 两本书我不能全给你,
 

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